Ayurveda aims to find the balance between the three fundamental bodily humours or doshas. This is called the tridoshas. According to ayurveda, the three doshas are Vata, Pitta and Kapha:
1. Vata is the windy humor. It affects flatulence, gout, rheumatism etc.
2. Pitta is the bilious humor. Its main quality is the body heat and deals with the bile secreted between the stomach and bowels affecting digestion and metabolism.
3. Kapha deals with body fluids and relates to mucus, lubrication and carrier of nutrients.
Each dosha is further classified into 5 types.
Ayurveda has a holistic approach to general health, by considering physical existence, mental existence and personality during diagnosis and therapy.